This rapid cure encouraged Sokolnicka to create a minimal analysis, which sees as its end the disappearance of symptoms, while a maximal analysis includes the freeing of the ability to love and the avoidance of repetition. She set up in private practice, but her clientele diminished over the years. In the beginning of the s she played no longer an important role in the French psychoanalytic movement. Poverty, growing depressions, the threat from Nazism in Germany and a sense of rootlessness weighed on her and, in , she took her own life.
When Hitler came to power, her father Heinrich Stern, a Jewish-German psychiatrist and Marxist, emigrated with his family to France in Anne-Lise Stern began to study medicine, but in she was arrested and deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau.
Œuvres complètes de Freud / Psychanalyse — Wikipédia
From there she was sent to Bergen-Belsen, Raguhn and Theresienstadt. She survived the concentration camp and returned to France in Inspired by the student movement, she participated from to in the Laboratoire de psychanalyse in Paris for the treatment of patients without means, financed with German reparation money. From to she was appointed as a psychotherapist in the department for drug addicts led by Claude Olievenstein at the Marmottan hospital. The upsurge of Holocaust negationism in France caused Anne-Lise Stern to establish a seminar in , where actual contemporary documents and its relations to the Holocaust were discussed.
In she moved to Paris, where she trained and worked as a chemical technical assistant. In the beginning of the s she studied psychology at the Sorbonne, received a bachelor's degree in and then worked as a psychological counsellor in nursery schools. In she met the Hungarian-Jewish philosopher and analyst Nicolas Abraham , who became her companion. Torok and Abraham developed a phenomenological psychoanalysis and taught it in a seminar they led together from to in Paris.
Originating in the work of Ferenczi, they conceived their theory of the "crypt" and the "phantom", in order to explain the psychopathogenic potential of unspoken secrets and traumas transmitted to the next generation. Those unbearable experiences are removed from associative links to the rest of psychic life by "preservative repression" and entombed in a "crypt" that functions within the ego as a false unconscious.
The children, who unwittingly inherit the secret of their parents by "endocryptic indentification", are haunted by phantoms which cause great disruption in their psychic life. In her well-noticed essay The illness of mourning and the fantasy of the exquisite corpse Maria Torok described the "illness of mourning" as an effect of unspoken "incorporations" with traumatic effects, by which a subject tries to regain a lost or prohibited object through the magic of hallucinatory.
In contrast to the introjection that allows a process of mourning, the incorporation blocks the libidinal cathexis of new objects and thus the psychic development. Sympathizing with Jacques Derrida's approach of deconstruction, Maria Torok wrote numerous articles for the journal Confrontation. Like Ferenczi she championed a closer contact with the patient, a position that upset her fellow members of the SPP.
She made an important contribution to the critic of Freud's concept of femininity with her early paper The meaning of the "penis envy" in women , where she stressed the symptomatic character of the penis envy: The "false" wish for an idealized penis is a defence against masturbatory fantasies by which the girl appropriates the position of her mother. In Maria Torok began to collaborate with Nicholas Rand, an American analyst and professor of French literature, whom she married in She died from leukaemia at the age of Nathalie Zaltzman was born in Paris as the only daughter of Russian-Jewish immigrants.
Her family survived the Second World War hidden in the south of France. Nathalie's father Abram Zaltzman, who had been a lawyer in St. Petersburg, owned a papeterie in Paris and a large private library. They divorced in , a year after their son Alexis was born. Her training analyst was Serge Leclaire. Beginning in , Nathalie Zaltzman occupied several positions in the group and was elected President in From to she was an influential member of the editorial committee of the group's journal Topique , where most of her texts were published.
Her main interest centered on the effects of the psychoanalytic cure and the connection between individual and collective destinies. She renewed Sigmund Freud's notion of "Kulturarbeit" cultural work as a basis of psychoanalytic healing. For Zaltzman cultural work means an intrapsychic and trans-individual process that modifies individual development and the evolution of human beings in general.
Starting again from the idea of cultural work, Nathalie Zaltzman examined in her book L'esprit du mal the dimensions of evil as an unevolving constant of the human condition and the concept of a "crime against humanity". Liliane Abensour Trans Nr. Psychanalyse et Psychose Nr. Paris [Psychotic Temptation. Rev fr psychosom Nr.
Bulletin de la SPP Nr. Psychanalyse et psychose Nr.
Favez et al. Paris , Psychanalyse et langage.
Paris ; La famille: l'individu-plus-un. Zum Thema Adoleszenz. Brosig and U. Gieler eds. Paris [Das Spiel in der Kinderpsychotherapie. Paris Roudinesco, Elisabeth: Jacques Lacan. Paris [Jacques Lacan. Oxford Segal, Naomi: Consensuality. Didier Anzieu, Gender and the Sense of Touch. Amsterdam; New York Wikipedia In Dictionnaire international de la psychanalyse Paris , f [International Dictionary of Psychoanalysis.
Detroit u. A History of Psychoanalysis in France, Aulagnier, J. Clavreul, F. Perrier, G. Rosolato, and J. Paris , La perversion comme structure.
- Black Jac.
- Francisco Varela : List of publications.
- Federschatten - Die Rache des Black Fox (German Edition)?
- Cuento Bilingüe en Alemán y Español: Camaleón — Chamäleon (Aprender Alemán para Niños nº 5) (Spanish Edition).
- Homeschooling: Start and Succeed with Lifelong Learning.
L'Inconscient No. Topique No. Paris [The Violence of Interpretation. From Pictogram to Statement.
Œuvres complètes de Freud / Psychanalyse
Hove, East Sussex ] Les destins du plaisir. Paris Naissance d'un corps, origine d'une histoire. J psychanal enf No. In ders.
Marie Balmary. La divine origine. Paris Je serai qui je serai. Projet Nr. Le Monde des Religions Nr. Translated by Ned Luckacher. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, Interview with Marie Balmary. Psychologies, February Robinson, Paul A.
- Rêve Et Existence.
- Lasik Eye Surgery Risks : Lasik surgery side effects and complications.
- Lancien monde (ESSAI ET DOC) (French Edition);
- VI. Psychologie clinique et psychopathologie!
- Bringing the Paranormal Field Out of the dark Ages.
- Write It Forward: From Writer to Successful Author (Writing);
- Une introduction à la psychanalyse (128) (French Edition)!
Fragmenta, 26 March Senk, Pascale: On devient humain par la relation. Le sacrifice interdit de Marie Balmary. RFP 38 4 , , Le maternel singulier. Paris Poursuite du dialogue avec Nicolas Abraham.